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Give background of Luke's Gospel in the Bible's New Testament.

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The Gospel of Luke is the third book of the New Testament in the Christian Bible. It is one of four Gospels that recount the story of Jesus' life. Defined, a gospel is... an account, often written, that describes the life of Jesus of Nazareth. According to the [B]ible, the "gospel", is also defined as the "word" that comes forth out of the mouth of God.  


"Gospel" means "good news."

There are many scholars who credit Luke, a physician and evangelist (and Paul's follower), as the writer of this book. However, other scholars say it was not Luke at all, but they do not know who the author may have been. In terms of its construction, it is believed to have been written in the "early 60s" or even "the later decades of the 1st Century." The Gospel of Luke seems to have been written for a Greek-speaking audience in the region where he lived.

Luke is a Synoptic Gospel (as are Matthew and Mark). They tell many of the same stories about the teachings of Christ. However, thirty-five percent of the Gospel of Luke is not found in the other Synoptic Gospels. It is believed that Luke based much of what he wrote on the Gospel of Mark; the rest is believed to have come from something called the Q document—a "hypothetical sayings collection." The Q document is defined as...

...the "common" material found in Matthew and Luke but not in the Gospel of Mark. This ancient text supposedly contained the logia or quotations from Jesus.

There may also be other unique sources used, which would account for similar materials found in Luke and Matthew, both having taken information from the book of Mark; however, Luke's version stays "truer" to the Gospel of Mark, as opposed to Matthew's use of the Gospel of Mark.

The existence of a highly treasured dominical sayings document...

...remains something of a mystery—as to why the Early Church made no mention of such a document. There were obviously other sources used in Luke and Matthew's Gospel because some major material shows up there that is not in the other Gospels, e.g. the Lord's Prayer.

If Luke was not, in fact, the author, most scholars agree that he also wrote the Book of Acts. He is believed to have been...

...highly educated, well traveled, well connected, and extremely widely read. 

These experiences allowed him to have established fine writing skills prior to constructing the Gospel of Luke. Many believe that this author was a Gentile, and was writing for other Gentiles. However, there is no clear consensus. For others see him as a man "very dependent on Palestinian tradition."

Regardless of the disagreements, most people feel that the companion to Paul mentioned in the Acts is the author of Luke as well and he is "named in Colossians 4:14."

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