SARA is a problem-solving model that entails scanning, analysis, response, and assessment. Crime is a problem that law enforcement agents deal with on a day to day basis. Thus, as a model, SARA can be used to provide solutions to deal with crime and crime related activities.
Scanning: The police under this section identify the problem; one example, for instance, could be organized crime by gangs. A description of the gangs and their identifiable characteristics is also provided.
Analysis: Once the police identify organized crime by gangs as the problem, they will need to identify members of these gangs, their motivations, their numbers, and the environmental factors that support their activities.
Response: The police will outline solutions to combat the problem of organized crime. The enforcement agents may start with sensitizing the community and seeking their support, infiltrate the gangs to gain insider knowledge of their operations, or develop an action plan of dismantling the gangs and rehabilitating the members.
Assessment: The enforcement agents and agencies would evaluate the process and determine its impact and effectiveness in combating crime. It is also at this level that they would identify additional problems that hinder the efficacy of their law enforcement activities.