To Autumn Questions and Answers
by John Keats

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Give a stanza-by-stanza explanation of Keats's ode "To Autumn." 

John Keats's "To Autumn" outlines the beginning, middle, and end of the season. In the first stanza of the poem, the speaker details the bounty of autumn, which comes from the sun as the summer reaches its end. In the second stanza, the bounty of the harvest, while still pleasant, also translates into hard work that gives way to imagery and diction indicative of exhaustion. Autumn comes to its end in the third stanza. As the season nears winter, the speaker ruminates on the passing of time and notices the descent into a darker, colder part of the year.


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The first stanza of Keats's "Ode to Autumn" describes the"“mellow fruitfulness" of the season. Fruit is mentioned several times and, as the cells of the honey bee have been "o'er-brimmed," the stanza itself is brimming with words indicating plenitude and ripeness. Trees bend with the weight of the apples. The sun and the season together fill fruit "with ripeness to the core." They "swell" and "plump" the harvest and "set budding" the flowers. Autumn is portrayed as a season of burgeoning life, which is traditionally the way Spring is presented.

The second stanza more explicitly apostrophizes and personifies Autumn. The season is compared to various people, one "sitting careless on a granary floor" where the grain is being winnowed (separated, wheat from chaff) by the wind, one asleep in a field, one gleaning the harvest in a field with a basket on her head, and another watching the cider oozing from the apple press.

The third and final stanza compares the music of Autumn favorably to that of Spring and lists some of its characteristic sounds of gnats, crickets, bleating lambs, and birdsong, ending with the whistling robin and the twittering swallows. Like the visual images in the first stanza, these aural descriptions evoke the unique charm of Autumn.

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In the first stanza of "To Autumn," Keats personifies autumn as one who is friends with the sun. The personified autumn and sun "conspire" on how to bring fruit and vegetation to their most ripe state. It is just before harvest time; the plants are ripe and full. Autumn is in a vibrant state, so vibrant that the bees might "think the warm days will never cease." The notion of mists and "mellow fruitfulness" indicate an early part of the day. 

Autumn is directly addressed in the second stanza as "thee." The speaker...

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kuldeepkaur325 | Student

what are the activities ao autum desribed in the second stanza ?