In George Orwell's Animal Farm, what events lead to Manor Farm changing its name to Animal Farm?

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kmj23 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The changing of the farm's name in Animal Farm is preceded by several important events. The first of these occurs in Chapter One when Old Major makes a speech in which he highlights the inhumanity of Man and teaches that all animals are equal. He also teaches the animals a song called "Beasts of England," which they adopt as their anthem of hope and equality.  As a result of this speech, the animals have a "completely new outlook on life" and they believe that a revolution is inevitable.

In the next chapter, Old Major dies, but the animals are primed for revolution. The pigs, being the "cleverest" of the animals, lead the preparations for this much-anticipated event: they hold secret meetings, develop the principles of Animalism and teach themselves how to read and write.

But the revolution happens far sooner than expected: after Mr. Jones forgets to feed them one day, the animals seize control of the farm and force Mr. and Mrs. Jones and the farmhands to flee. The next day, the animals begin the business of running the farm by attending to the harvest but, before work commences, Snowball ceremoniously repaints the farm's sign. From now on, Manor Farm is no more and Animal Farm is born.