I was an attorney for many years for a state agency charged with enforcing fair employment laws. My experiences have left me with the lesson that while I might have achieved some "justice" for some individual females, law alone cannot solve this problem. I have come to think that evolutionary and biological forces are responsible some of this. I am not convinced, though, that we should simply give up. In the United States, social policy has done little or nothing to effectuate any possible improvement in the situation and it certainly could. But as long as profit is the sole measure of success, which it certainly seems to be presently, we are bound to continue to grapple with gender inequity because, at the very least, as accessteacher points out, employers do not want employees who take time out for childbearing. I read recently that females are now more highly educated than males in the United States. Reason would suggest that this would provide for more female representation in the higher echelons of organizations, but to the best of my knowledge, this is not the case. It is still such an anomaly that it makes headlines when a female achieves a high position in a national or international company. I would like to see the day when such an occurrence is not worthy of note.