Fully explain how Kohlberg thought post-conventional morality would look upon breaking the law. Show how this relates to natural law theory and the idea of natural law being a higher law than human law.
Kohlberg theorized that individuals who reach post-conventional morality develop their own set of ethical principles that transcend law. Instead of viewing an action as morally wrong if it breaks the law, post-conventional morality considers if the action promotes good and in what context. Natural law theory is similar in how it recognizes human law as limited in being consistent with reason.
Kohlberg believed that few people ever reach the sixth stage of moral development—post-conventional morality. This is because this stage requires abstract contemplation of ethics and an in-depth understanding of the social order. Post-conventional morality weighs the context of the law, such as its motivations, its implications, and the people it serves. For example, consider journalists who go to prison for writing articles that expose their governments’ human...
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