What is a full critical analysis of "John Anderson My Jo" by Robert Burns? Please provide some line-by-line explanations or critical commentary on the poem.  

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In this poem, the speaker compares the journey of life to ascending and then descending a hill. It is written, like all Burns's poems, in Scots, and further, an older form of Scots which includes interesting linguistic features, such as "clamb" as a past tense of "climb." This is a strong past tense which has weakened in modern English (strong past tenses are those that do not end in "-ed," such as "swam" rather than "swimmed"). Other features are common to both older and modern Scots, such as "ane" for "one" (in Scots and Northern English alike, as in older forms of southern English, we see "a" where the modern speaker would expect to see "o").

The speaker is addressing her lover ("jo") or husband, stating that it is now time for them to "totter down" the hill of life hand in hand and together ("the gather") to reach the bottom—presumably, death. This is an imperative for all; everyone must ("maun") do this, but the speaker's tone is conciliatory: because they will do this together,...

(The entire section contains 3 answers and 657 words.)

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