What is the point of view in "Animal Farm" and why is it important?

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This is a story about a farm of animals that rebel against their human owners and take over the farm. They rename it Animal Farm, set up rules (the seven Commandments of Animalism) and decide to share the work and produce among all the animals. The Seven Commandments are: The novel begins on "Animal Farm," a typical English farm where Jones, an old drunken farmer, keeps his various livestock (horses, cows, chickens, dogs, etc.) in conditions that are virtually animal-like themselves. It tells of how the pigs Napoleon and Snowball incite the other animals into revolution against Mr. Jones and his men and succeed in throwing them off the farm.

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Another reason for Orwell's use of the third person limited omniscient narrative of Animal Farm instead of third person omniscient or first person is to make the story seem more objective, separating the narrator from what is happening. The novel was a critique not only of the Russian Revolution of 1917 but of human society as a whole, showing what all humans are capable of doing if given enough power.

This work was very controversial when it was written in 1945 at the end of World War II, and for that reason, Orwell knew that the best way to get his point across was through an allegory that mimicked a children's fable but served as a cautionary tale for adults to avoid the mistakes of past governments, especially communism and dictatorships. He is not giving any opinions or voices to the characters to place judgment—he is merely describing their actions and leaving it up to the reader to relate the story to real events in history and learn from it.

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Animal Farm is told from a third person point of view, specifically one that has a limited omniscience. The third person point of view is important because it allows Orwell to take on the tone of the fable/fairy tale, the category into which the story is most often placed. The limited omniscience is useful because it mostly keeps the narrator focused on external events, making it a vivid read, but it does allow Orwell to dip into the minds of the characters/summarize thoughts when useful.

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