According to Thomas Paine’s Common Sense, what are the reasons for the necessity of independence?

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One of Paine's big reasons for advocating American independence was that he felt monarchy was not a good form of government. He has very harsh words for the British king George III in particular, feeling "one honest man" was of infinitely more worth to a society than a king who...

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One of Paine's big reasons for advocating American independence was that he felt monarchy was not a good form of government. He has very harsh words for the British king George III in particular, feeling "one honest man" was of infinitely more worth to a society than a king who lived in excessive luxury and mostly sought to regain and give away territory and to make war with other nations. He felt democracy was more productive.

He also had bad words for the aristocracy. Like the royal family, Paine felt they were leeches who did little to nothing for the common people, who make up the majority of any nation.

For Paine, monarchy is wrong because he believes all humans are created equal, be they king or commoner. So for him, monarchy only encourages abuse of power.

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According to Paine, there were a number of reasons why the American colonies needed to become independent.  He argued that the colonies did not need English rule and that English rule had in fact become detrimental to them.

Paine argued that Britain had only ruled the colonies for its own good and not for their good.  For this reason, its rule was not beneficial.  In addition, being connected to Britain had the potential to hurt the colonies.  On their own, they could trade with any country in Europe.  Connected to Britain, they became enemies of Britain's enemies and could not trade with them.  Paine also says that Britain's system of government (a monarchy) was not at all optimal and that the colonies should become independent so that they could start to develop their own, more ideal form of government.

For these reasons, Paine argued that it was necessary and appropriate for the colonies to break away from England.

 

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