Setting: Alabama, post Civil War, pre Civil Rights Movement.
Attitude: There are many terms to denote this geographic region during this time period. Among them are the "Old South" and the "Bible Belt."
Keeping that in mind, the first prevailing attitude is prejudice based largely on the hatred or fear of something different. This attitude is manifested in several ways.
- Prejudice against black people. Examples: townspeople's reactions to Atticus taking Tom Robinson's trial or Aunt Alexandra's reaction to the kids attending Calpurnia's church.
- Prejudice against poor white people, or "trash." Example: townspeople's reactions to Bob Ewell.
- Prejudice against social outcasts. Example: Miss Stephanie's gossip about the Radleys.
The second most prevalent attitude is the idea of a double standard or an attitude of hypocrisy among, for lack of a better term, high society. This attitude is shown most overtly during Aunt Alexandra's missionary society meeting.