In Alabama during the Jim Crow era, public schools were racially segregated. One of the clearest divisions among the students is race: all the children who attend Scout's school are white. Within the schools, as indicated by the discussion of Scout's classroom, the primary division is class. While it seems that the school the Finch children attend has no students from wealthy families, some of them, such as Scout and Jem, are upper middle class and have managed to hold onto that status despite the Great Depression.
Among the poorer families are the Cunninghams; their son Walter is in Scout's class. To economize, they send him to school without lunch and their pride prevents them from participating in government-sponsored programs. Scout pompously lectures her teacher about what the family is like, based on tidbits gleaned from her father. Walter is described as having no shoes but as being clean and neat. He attends school regularly, indicating that his parents value education.
(The entire section contains 2 answers and 556 words.)