From 1607 to 1877 Americans had at least one major ideology that helped shape the cultural, political, and economic system. Using the major aspects of this lengthy time period, develop what you think is the ideology that drove Americans to proceed?
Although there was no ideology that was present at all times and places in this period, we can certainly argue that the desire for progress generally drove the development of the colonies and then of the United States. Many parts of the US population have believed that society can and should be perfected. This gave the US the impetus to make many changes during the time period that you mention.
For example, we can see political progress during this time. The people in the colonies tried to get more and more self-government. After the colonies became independent, there was soon another push for more democracy during the Jacksonian Era. Even Reconstruction, with the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments can be seen in this way.
We can also see social progress. There was the Great Awakening that advocated for a more egalitarian religion. There were, most importantly the many reform movements of the antebellum period. In these movements, people tried to perfect society through things like the temperance movement and the abolitionist movement.
Finally, we can see economic progress. Many changes were made in an attempt to improve society. One example of this is the building of the Erie Canal. Another is the building of the railroad network and the transcontinental railroad.
All of these show that some of American history from 1607 to 1877 was driven by a desire to create a more perfect society.