Based on the scenario below, did the workers practice freedom of speech, freedom of press, freedom of assembly, or freedom of religion:
Carla and her mother believed the local factory did not treat workers fairly. They carried signs in protest outside the factory.
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To be able to figure out the answer to your question, you first need to know exactly what the Constitutional rights of freedom of speech, freedom of press, freedom of assembly, and freedom of religion are, which are the four freedoms stated under the Constitution's First Amendment, also referred to as the Bill of Rights.
The first right guaranteed by the First Amendment is the freedom of religion. Freedom of religion guarantees each citizen the right to choose a faith of his/her own, the right to freely express and practice his/her own faith, and the right to congregate with others of the same belief (Auburn University, "Religious Freedom").
Freedom of speech, the second right guaranteed by the First Amendment, essentially refers to our right to be able to express our thoughts and opinions freely. Though the right seems simple, it has actually been much debated by the Supreme Court. Most agree that the government can regulate the "time, manner, and place" in which opinions are expressed so long as there is an alternative for expression and so long as the expression does not present security risks for the government (West's Encyclopedia of American Law, 2nd ed., 2008, "Freedom of Speech"). Most also agree that content of expression can be limited if there is a "compelling state interest," such as international security ("Freedom of Speech").
The third First Amendment protection, freedom of press, goes hand in hand with freedom of speech. But, freedom of press more specifically protects the "right to obtain and publish information or opinions without government censorship or fear of punishment" (Lincoln University, "Freedom of Speech and Freedom of Press").
The fourth First Amendment protection is freedom of assembly, which also goes hand in hand with freedom of speech. The right lawfully permits citizens to peacefully "gather and express their views without government restrictions" (New World Encyclopedia, "Freedom of Assembly"). However, similarly to the freedom of speech, freedom to assemble also has its restrictions. Permits are often required when an assembly will disrupt other citizens in terms of traffic conditions and noise control. Police are often also required when the assembly can pose a potential threat to the safety of the general public.
Now that you better understand the rights established under the First Amendment, you can next use process of elimination to determine which right/rights best fit the scenario in your question. Freedom of religion is the most inapplicable right here because mistreatment of workers has nothing to do with religion as described in the scenario, so we can cross off freedom of religion. Freedom of press is also obviously inapplicable since the workers congregating outside of the factory have no association with the press.
That leaves us with freedom of speech and freedom of assembly. To verify that these are the correct responses, simply ask yourself if the protesters in the scenario are using speech to express themselves and if they are assembling to express themselves. If the answer is yes to both, then you know both fit the scenario.
"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances." This is the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. It is a part of the Bill of Rights which if the name of the first 10 amendments to our constitution.
Freedom of religion states that their should be no established religion required by the government. This allows the people to worship as they wish. This does not apply to the scenario. There is no religious affiliation or desire stated.
Freedom of the press protects the writes of individuals to express them selves through the publication and dissemination of information. The government cannot control what is reported. This is also not application to the scenario.
Freedom of speech is the right to express ones opinions or ideas. This is very applicable in this scenario. Carla and her mother have the right to express their belief that the factory is not treating its workers fairly.
Freedom of assembly is the right to peacefully come together to express or promote collective ideas. This is also applicable. Carla and her mother can join together and express themselves as a group.
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