This period at the beginning of President Roosevelt’s first term is commonly known as the “First Hundred Days.” This was a session of Congress that lasted 100 days. During that time, Roosevelt sent large numbers of bills to Congress as he attempted to implement the first parts of his New Deal.
By 1933, the United States was in desperate condition. The Great Depression had been going for more than three years by that point. Unemployment was extremely high and poverty was rampant. The people elected Franklin Roosevelt in a landslide because they were deeply dissatisfied with what President Herbert Hoover had done (and not done) to end the Depression. Roosevelt came into office with a mandate to be energetic and to try whatever he could think of to improve conditions. It was essential that he should hit the ground running so as to maintain people’s hopes. Therefore, Roosevelt was extremely active in proposing legislation early on. He wanted it to be clear that he was going to do everything he could to end the Depression.
The time in which Roosevelt was most active, right at the start of his first term, is known as the First Hundred Days.