Fracking, or hydraulic fracturing, is the process that modifies vertical drilling into horizontal drilling to create earth fractures or widen existing ones in deep shale into which a high pressure mixture of water and chmicals is injected in order to release trapped natural gas.
Some facts about fracking are these:
- New fractures are created by horizontal drilling. Fractures may destabilize surrounding earth formations.
- Fractures may lead to contamination of underground water reservoirs through fracture destabilization.
- Fracking uses vast amounts of water that are then trapped themselves, along with the chemicals in them, in deep shale.
- Fracking needs to be accompanied by strict water testing of underground water reservoirs to identify contamination.
- Following horizontal drilling, which can take up to a month to go one horizontal mile, the natural gas well is cemented to protect against leaks of the chemicalized fracking water.
- Fracking produces toxic waste.
- Fracking requires new infrasturcture to be built including land clearing, access roads, disposal routes and sites for toxic waste.
OPINIONS about fracking include the following.
Proponents of fracking state:
-Fracking is safe.
-Fracking will boost the economy.
-Fracking will help develop remote areas.
-Current laws do not ban the practice of fracking--it is completely legal.
Opponents of fracking state:
-Fracking using cancer causing chemicals to break through shale.
-Fracking poisons air and water.
-Fracking causes animal deaths.
-Fracking causes explosions.