To Frack or not to Frack? - What are the FACTS about fracking?
Fracking, or hydraulic fracturing, is the process that modifies vertical drilling into horizontal drilling to create earth fractures or widen existing ones in deep shale into which a high pressure mixture of water and chmicals is injected in order to release trapped natural gas.
Some facts about fracking are these:
- New fractures are created by horizontal drilling. Fractures may destabilize surrounding earth formations.
- Fractures may lead to contamination of underground water reservoirs through fracture destabilization.
- Fracking uses vast amounts of water that are then trapped themselves, along with the chemicals in them, in deep shale.
- Fracking needs to be accompanied by strict water testing of underground water reservoirs to identify contamination.
- Following horizontal drilling, which can take up to a month to go one horizontal mile, the natural gas well is cemented to protect against leaks of the chemicalized fracking water.
- Fracking produces toxic waste.
- Fracking requires new infrasturcture to be built including land clearing, access roads, disposal routes and sites for toxic waste.
OPINIONS about fracking include the following.
Proponents of fracking state:
-Fracking is safe.
-Fracking will boost the economy.
-Fracking will help develop remote areas.
-Current laws do not ban the practice of fracking--it is completely legal.
Opponents of fracking state:
-Fracking using cancer causing chemicals to break through shale.
-Fracking poisons air and water.
-Fracking causes animal deaths.
-Fracking causes explosions.