Fourfold and threefold categorization of the Old Testament, identification of at least one book in each category ? Summaries of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy? Evidence for two...

  1. Fourfold and threefold categorization of the Old Testament, identification of at least one book in each category ?
  2. Summaries of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy?
  3. Evidence for two sources within a single text?
  4. Differences between Genesis 1 and Genesis 2?
  5. Differences between creation of man and woman in Genesis 1 versus Genesis 2 (notes; Gen 1-2)
  6. Augustine (Andersen, 63-64)
  7. According to Augustine, why was Eve created?
  8. According to early Christians, who is to be blamed, Adam or Eve ?
  9. According to Augustine, what is the consequence of the sin, explain Augustine’s view of sexuality before and after Eden (source sheet 150, Andersen, 66-69)
  10. Suggestions as to why God rejects Cain’s offering?
  11. Suggestions as why Cain kills Abel
  12. Cain’s accusation against God – three reasons God deserves to be blamed?
  13. Four sections of New Testament (Koperski, 153-159)
  14. How is Timothy described in 1 Thessalonians 3:1-2?
  15.  Martha and Mary in Luke 10:38-42 and John 11:1-44?
  16. Comparing the Gospel of John's version of the anointing story with those of the authors of the synoptic gospels (Mark 14:3-9, Matthew 26:6-13, Luke 7:36-50)
  17.  Who is said to have killed Jesus according to 1 Thessalonians 2:15?
Expert Answers
caledon eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The length limit on Enotes answers prevents all 17 of your questions from being properly addressed. Please cluster your future questions according to relevance so that they're easier to respond to as a group.

2. Genesis describes the creation of the world and humanity, humanity's descent into sin, and a series of pacts and transgressions against God in which humanity is scattered throughout the Earth, but some remain closer to God than others. The Israelites/Hebrews are those most faithful to God. Exodus begins with the Hebrews in slavery in Egypt, with God delivering them from bondage via empowering Moses, a Hebrew raised by Egyptians, to lead the slaves to Canaan (roughly corresponding to modern Israel) in exchange for their devotion to a series of laws. Leviticus details several of these laws and regulations. Numbers describes the passage of the Hebrews through the desert on the way to Canaan, their cowardice and complaining at the difficulties they face, and God's destruction of a large number of them and a condemnation to remain in the desert until a new generation grows up to enact his will. Deuteronomy is a series of speeches delivered by Moses just prior to the Hebrew's entrance into Canaan.

3. Evidence for two sources within a text are frequently based on extensive linguistic research, but frequently takes the form of simple comparison of context and patterns. For example, the Q source has particular words and phrases associated with it that appear in the midst of other passages that do not share these particular writing patterns. This, and cases like it, suggest that a source was compiled out of other sources, rewritten more or less verbatim, and survived in rewritten form to modern times, with its various copied mannerisms intact.

5. In Genesis 1, God creates man and woman in his own image. Specifics beyond this are not detailed. In Genesis 2, man is created first, from dust, while woman is created later, out of one of man's ribs.

11. Cain may have killed Abel out of jealousy. Just prior to the murder, God reminds Cain that doing good will lead him to success and restore God's goodwill toward him; Cain surely would have known that God would be aware of any crime Cain committed, so it seems most likely that the murder was one of passion.

14. Timothy is described as a fellow "worker in Christ", who encourages and comforts in matters of faith.

17. According to Thessalonians, "Jews" killed Jesus. This is one of the first indications of a distinct Christian identity opposing a Jewish one, and also a contradiction to accounts and perspectives that it was the Romans who were entirely responsible for Jesus' execution.