this is my term paper and I want to get a really great grade. I know the geological record contains thousands of old-earth proofs, but I don't know them all. Can you tell me the famous fossils showing evolution. THANKS! :-)
It seems to me that reference to "days" as "creative periods" is simply an attempt on the part of the church to rationalize their belief in something that has been discredited by rational thought and scientific research.
I'd be hesitant to even agree with your opening statement unless you are a bit more specific. Does it disprove the creation story in Genesis if you interpret it literally? Because of the "days" are simply meant to indicate creative periods rather than actual 24 hour days, the fossil record doesn't necessarily disprove anything.
Your question indicates that you are writing a persuasive theme paper. While doing this, do not forget than an important element in persuasive writing is to acknowledge the other viewpoint. There are some who will say that evolution does not negate creationism. For example chronology. Some people will say that time is relative and not necessarily judged or expressed in the same terms hundreds of thousands of years ago as it is today. Some will also suggest that species are still evolving--such as the moth species that changed its markings and colorings to adapt to the smog polluted environment in which it lives. Make sure you recognize opposing viewpoints, and then show how you disprove those points.
It is not a specific fossil (or a few) that "prove" evolution, although there are a few very famous ones like Lucy. She is famous due to both her age, and the completeness of her skeleton for such an early hominid. The overwhelming evidence for evolution and the age of life on earth comes from the many, many fossils that are carbon-dated to very long ago. Carbon dating is based on the half-life of carbon-14. All organisms take up radioactive elements while they are living; when they die, the uptake stops. The radioactivity begins to decay at a constant rate (the half-life), and we can thus date the fossils by the percentage of radioactive carbon that has changed to a stable form.