For this discussion, you MUST use the text to support your answer. While we are always interested in and respectful of your personal beliefs, you must not base your answers on what you already know/believe but upon the text we are reading together as a class.Choose ONE to answer. Label your comment with the number you are answering.1) In John 2:18, we read “the Jews said to him, ‘What sign do you show us for doing these things?’ ” These people were shocked at Jesus’s behavior and wanted to know why he thought he could act in this way. How does Jesus respond? What does the writer (John) supply regarding this response? How do the next few verses (2:23–25) describe Jesus’s relationship with the people who see his signs? How does this relationship develop after further signs?2) Based upon chapter 5, what is it about Jesus that really makes the Jews so upset with him? Is it just his signs/miracles? Or is it something more about Jesus that’s so offensive to the Jewish leaders?3) Based on chapter 6, why would many followers leave Jesus at this point? How are his words offensive? What motivates Peter and the other twelve to stay?4) Sometimes Jesus refused to give the response his listeners wanted, as in the story of the woman caught in adultery (7:53–8:11). How is this story about the conflict between Jesus and those who are his enemies? How does Jesus diffuse this conflict? What does it show about his attitude toward sin?5) After he is healed, the blind man tells the religious leaders, “You do not know where he comes from, and yet he opened my eyes. We know that God does not listen to sinners, but if anyone is a worshiper of God and does his will, God listens to him. Never since the world began has it been heard that anyone opened the eyes of a man born blind. If this man were not from God, he could do nothing” (9:30–33). Look to the verses following to answer the question of how the religious leaders respond to this man’s logic. Why do they respond this way, and what does it show about their priorities? Considering how the religious leaders responded to the man born blind, why is the good shepherd discourse especially pertinent to the people Jesus heals?6) In chapter 12, people cannot wait to glorify Jesus and make him their king, so they wave palm branches and praise him. A group of Greeks want to speak to Jesus, and his response to them (through Andrew and Philip) is “Truly, truly, I say to you unless a grain of wheat falls into the earth and dies, it remains alone; but if it dies, it bears much fruit. Whoever loves his life loses it, and whoever hates his life in this world will keep it for eternal life” (12:24–25). What is Jesus’s attitude toward suffering here? What is the hero’s usual attitude toward praise and glorification? How does Jesus’s response compare?

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

From the quotations you give, it appears that you are using the English Standard Version of the Bible (ESV), so I shall use that translation in my answer. All references are to John's Gospel, chapter and verse. Your instructions tell you to answer one of the questions, but you do not indicate which one you plan to answer, so I shall give comments on the first three, so you have a choice.

In question one, Jesus's response is "Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up" (2.19). John says that Jesus refers here to the temple of his body, which was resurrected in three days (2.21). When Jesus was resurrected, his disciples remembered these words. The next few verses say that "many believed in his name when they saw the signs that he was doing" (2.23), but Jesus "did not entrust himself to them, because he knew all people" (2.24). The relationship was therefore one-way. After further signs, people come to trust Jesus more and to follow him. This is later related of the Samaritans (4.39–42) and the Galileans (4.43–45).

In question two, the significant point is that the Jewish leaders feel Jesus shows no respect for the Sabbath. He then exacerbates this fault by calling God his father. Jesus heals a man and tells him, "Take up thy bed and walk" (5.8). When he is charged with breaking the Sabbath, Jesus replies that his father, God, is working on the Sabbath, and so is Jesus. John writes:

This was why the Jews were seeking all the more to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself equal with God. (5.18)

In question three, the Jews are angry with Jesus for saying that he is the son of God and has come down from heaven:

They said, "Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How does he now say, 'I have come down from heaven'?" (6.42).

They also do not understand when Jesus tells them that he gives his flesh for them to eat (6.52). Therefore, "many of his disciples turned back and no longer walked with him" (6.66). However, when Jesus asks the twelve if they are going to leave him as well, Simon Peter answers that they still believe in him:

Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life, and we have believed, and have come to know, that you are the Holy One of God. (6.68–69).

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team

We’ll help your grades soar

Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now.

  • 30,000+ book summaries
  • 20% study tools discount
  • Ad-free content
  • PDF downloads
  • 300,000+ answers
  • 5-star customer support
Start your 48-Hour Free Trial