All Summer in a Day

by Ray Bradbury
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For the short story "All Summer in a Day" by Ray Bradbury, explain clearly how Bradbury describes Venus and the children living on it.

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In the short story "All Summer in a Day" by Ray Bradbury, the author describes the planet Venus as a place where clouds cover the sky, rain falls almost continually, and frequent huge storms surge over the landscape. Tropical forests grow continuously in the constant rainfall. Only once every seven years, the clouds part and the sun comes out for a few hours. Bradbury begins this description early in the story in a paragraph that begins, "It had been raining for seven years." In this paragraph, he writes of "the concussion of storms" and of forests that are crushed under the rain but then grow up again.

When the rain abruptly stops and the children run outside, Bradbury describes the brief interval of sunlight on Venus. The sun is "the color of flaming bronze," the sky is "a blazing blue tile color," and the jungle shines in the sunlight. The air is warm. The jungle is thick, tangled, and drab. Bradbury compares it to "a nest of octopuses" with "the color of rubber and ash" because of "the many years without sun." Soon, rain begins to fall again, the children hear "a boom of thunder," and lightning strikes closer and closer. The continuous rainfall has begun again.

The nine-year-old children in the story have grown up in a world without sunlight. They have to use sunlamps to simulate the sun's rays. The sun came out once when they were two, but they do not remember it. Bradbury introduces Margot, who came from Earth and remembers what sunlight is like, as a contrast to the children born on Venus. They don't like her, because they are envious of her memories of the sun on Earth, while they are used to only rain and storms. This causes them to bully her and treat her cruelly. As Bradbury writes,

And then, of course, the biggest crime of all was that she had come here only five years ago from Earth, and she remembered the sun and the way the sun was and the sky was when she was four in Ohio. And they, they had been on Venus all their lives, and they had been only two years old when last the sun came out and had long since forgotten the color and heat of it and the way it really was. But Margot remembered.

After the children lock Margot in the closet and the rain stops, for them, the silence is "immense and unbelievable," because they do not remember ever experiencing a silence so complete. They run and play outdoors in the sun. When the rain starts again and they have to go indoors, only then do they realize how cruel they have been to Margot in denying her the opportunity to experience the rare sunshine.

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