Following sentence contained in close of business letter:  Thank you for your anticipated cooperation.  Can one be thanked for "anticipated" cooperation?

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There are a few different issues here. The first is that the phrase "anticipated cooperation," although grammatically correct, is not idiomatic English and would not normally be used in this context.

On a logical level, one normally thanks someone after they perform the act for which one is expressing gratitude....

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There are a few different issues here. The first is that the phrase "anticipated cooperation," although grammatically correct, is not idiomatic English and would not normally be used in this context.

On a logical level, one normally thanks someone after they perform the act for which one is expressing gratitude. On the other hand, in formal correspondence, one can express thanks in advance of the act in the anticipation that the act will be performed. Since the writer of a letter may not be physically present to express thanks when the act is performed, the thanks are expressed in advance.

However, to express this, a writer might normally use a slightly different phrasing, such as: "I would like to thank you in advance for your cooperation."

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I would say one could be thanked for anticipated cooperation. I have seen similar statements in business letters, for example, "Thank you in advance for your cooperation."

The writer is trying to put the reader in a position of being more likely to cooperate, particularly in a situation in which that cooperation might be questionable.  Even in cases in which the cooperation might be assumed, there is nothing wrong with thanking someone in advance.

This reminds me of what I used to do with my children, when they were younger and wanted them to do some chore I knew they did not want to do.  I would say things like, "Thank you for emptying the dishwasher." Then, of course, one of them would say, "But Mom, I didn't empty the dishwasher."  Then I would explain that I was thanking them in advance.  It got to be our little joke, but the dishwasher did get emptied!

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