Sustainable development in the context of a country is the ability of the state to meet human and national developmental needs with available assets while also preserving natural and environmental resources for future generations.
Some of the major factors that influence sustainable development within a state are:
- National policy regarding issues like environmental protection, conservation and regulation
- National economic policy especially in regard to resource extraction and utilization
- Population size and growth
- National consumption levels and economic activity
- Individual accountability and buy in
- Resource and capital availability