Flowing of electrons is called electricity.Electrons jump from lower level to higher level and vice versa in an atom. Otherwise, they transform from one to another atom. Is it possible for all the...

Flowing of electrons is called electricity.

Electrons jump from lower level to higher level and vice versa in an atom. Otherwise, they transform from one to another atom. Is it possible for all the atoms to escape from an atom? Otherwise, why do we call electricity a flow of electrons? Otherwise, we call the energy that is lost from an electron as electricity. Please explain elaborately.

Asked on by sadakath

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bandmanjoe's profile pic

bandmanjoe | Middle School Teacher | (Level 2) Senior Educator

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As is the case with most items of discussion about processes on the Earth, electricity is the result of charges being transferred from one object to another.  Electrical current is the result of a flow of electrons, from an area of low potential to that of high potential.  Think of it as a cyclical process.  In a mall near my house, there is a set of escalators, one that takes people up to the 2nd level, and one that takes people down to the 1st level.  This cyclical progression of people could represent the flow of electrons from a "lower potential" to a "higher potential".  The electrons are not lost, or stripped from the atom.  In metals, which have as one of their identifying properties the ability to conduct electricity, the atoms are so tightly bound, their outer electrons shift and slide easily from one atom to the next.  This is what gives metals the ability to conduct electricity.  So it is more of a cyclical process than electrons being stripped from atoms, never to return.

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