soldier crawling on hands and knees through a trench under a cloud of poisonous gas with dead soldiers in the foreground and background

Dulce et Decorum Est

by Wilfred Owen

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In "Dulce et Decorum Est," "flound'ring" is used because the gassed man seems to be: -screaming -in lime -blood shod -under water -none of these

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Metaphorically speaking, one could argue that all of the choices you list can be considered relevant to the man who has been gassed. I would suggest, however, that the most striking image is one not alluded to in your question: that of "fire." The soldier is "flound'ring like a man in fire or lime." Owen is suggesting that when one is subjected to poison gas, it is similar to being burnt to death. But, paradoxically, it's also as if one's lungs are filled with water:

As under a green sea, I saw him drowning.

The multiple images of fire, lime, and water give the impression that all the elements of man and of nature have been arrayed against the helpless soldier—or rather, against all the men unlucky enough to be in combat. The irrationality of war and the powerlessness of ordinary men are emphasized by the central word "floundering," regardless of the specific elements in which each man has become trapped and helpless.

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The problem with questions such as this is that they encourage you to not read the text as a whole. Often, when we are asked questions about specific parts or words of a text, the answer can be easily found in the text if we read it as a whole, trying to work out how the words or phrases we are asked about fit in. Therefore, with this particular example, it is important to read the entire line from which it is taken, which talks about the effect of the gas on the dying man who has failed to put his gas mask on in time:

And flound'ring like a man in fire or lime...

Thus we can see that the word "flound'ring" is used as part of a simile (indicated by the word "like"), where the man is compared to somebody floundering around as if he were in lime. Thus the correct answer is in lime.

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