Find x for the inequality log 2 (x+1)/(x+3) < 2 to hold .

4 Answers | Add Yours

hala718's profile pic

hala718 | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

Posted on

 log 2 (x+1)/(x+3) < 2

We know that log 2 4 = 2

==> log 2 (x+1)/(x+3) < log 2 4

We know that log a/b = log a - log b

==> log 2 (x+1) - loh 2 (x+3) < log 2 (4)

Now add log 2 (x+3) to both sides:

==> log 2 (x+ 1) < log 2 (4) + log (x+3)

We know that log a + log b = log a*b

==> log 2 (x+1) < log  2 [4(x+3)]

==> x+1 < 4 (x+3)

==> x+1 < 4x + 12

==> -3x < 11

==> x > -11/3

Then x = (-11/3, inf)

william1941's profile pic

william1941 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

Posted on

You've given the inequality as log 2 (x+1)/(x+3) < 2.

As the logarithm of a negative number is not defined, we have:

  • x+1>0 and x+3>0 or x > -1
  • x+1<0 and x+3<0 or x <-3

Now take: log 2 (x+1)/(x+3) < 2

Take the anti log on both the sides

=> (x+1)/(x+3)< 2^2= 4

=> (x+1) / (x+3) < 4

Now if both x+1 and x+3 are positive, we know that x > -1

and x+1 < 4 (x+3)

=> x+1 < 4x +12

=> -12 < 3x

=> x > -12/3

=> x > -4

We had also derived that x>-1 earlier

So x > -1

Now if both x+1 and x+3 are negative, we know that x < -3

Also (x+1) / (x+3) < 4

=> x+1 > 4(x+3)

=> x+1 > 4x +12

=> -11 > 3x

=> -11/4 > x

So x is less than -11/4

Earlier we had derived that that -3 > x

So -11/4 >x

Therefore x can take values less than -11/4 and values greater than -1.

neela's profile pic

neela | High School Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

Posted on

To solve log 2 (x+1)/(x+3) < 2.

Therefore  log2(x+1)/(x+3) <  log2 (2^2).

Since both sides are logarithms to the same base, wetake antilog.

(x+1)/(x+3) <  4

x+1<4(x+3)

1 < 4x+12-x

1-12 < 3x

-11 < 3x

-11/3 < x.

Or

x > -11/3 or -(3+2/3).

giorgiana1976's profile pic

giorgiana1976 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

Posted on

Before starting to solve the inequality, we'll impose the existence conditions, for the logarithmic functions to exist:

(x+1)/(x+3)>0 with x+3 different from 0

From (x+1)/(x+3)>0 => 2 cases

Case 1:

(x+1)>0 and (x+3)>0 in order to obtain a positive ratio => x>-1 and x>-3

Case 2:

(x+1)<0 and (x+3)<0 => x<-1 and x<-3

Because the base is > 1, the function is increasing, so the direction of the inequality remains unchanged.

(x+1)/(x+3) < 2^2

We'll subtract 4 both sides:

(x+1)/(x+3) - 4 < 0

We'll multiply 4 by (x+3):

(x+2-4x-12)/(x+3)<0 => (x+3)>0 and -3x-10<0

(x+3)>0=>x>-3

-3x-10<0=> x>-10/3

From x>-3,x<-10/3, it results that x belongs to (-3,+inf.)

(x+3)<0

x<-3

 and

-3x-10>0

-3x>10

x<-10/3

From x<-3,x<-10/3, it results that x belongs to (-inf.,-10/3)

We’ve answered 318,994 questions. We can answer yours, too.

Ask a question