Find a relation between x which is reflexive, symmetric, but not transitive.
Let's define relation `R` on set of real numbers which is both reflexive and symmetric but not transitive.
Let any two real numbers `a` and `b` be in relation `R` if and only if `|a+b|=|a|+|b|` that is
`forall a,b in RR(aRb)<=>|a+b|=|a|+|b|)`
Since this is valid for all real number `R` is reflexive.
It is easy to see that `R` is symmetrical because of commutativity of addition of real numbers.
Transitivity `aRb ^^ bRc=>aRc`
One counterexample we get for `a=-1`, `b=0` and `c=1`.
`|-1+0|=1=|-1|+|0|` hence `-1R0`
`|0+1|=1=|0|+|1|` hence `0R1`` `
`|-1+1|=|0|=0` and `|-1|+|1|=1+1=2` so
`|-1+1|ne|-1|+|1|` hence -1 and 1 are not in relation `R.`
So we have `-1R0^^0R1` but -1 and 1 are not in relation `R,` thus relation `R` is not transitive over `RR.`