There are two plays by Sophocles in which Oedipus appears as a main character, namely Oedipus Rex and Oedipus at Colonus. A third play by Sophocles, Antigone, deals with Oedipus's daughters and the fate of Thebes after the death of Oedipus. Although these three plays are sometimes referred to as a Theban "trilogy," they were actually written and presented separately.
Oedipus is the son of Laius, king of Thebes, and his wife Jocasta. Although he was abandoned by his parents, Oedipus was adopted by King Polybus and Queen Merope of Corinth and raised as their child. As the child of a king who was raised in a royal household, Oedipus was surrounded by great wealth and power. When Oedipus returns to Thebes, he marries Jocasta and becomes the ruler of Thebes, a wealthy ancient city-state, and thus attains greatness in position.
In terms of character, Oedipus is physically strong and...
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