Find the center, vertices, and foci of the ellipse 9x^2 + 4y^2 + 36x -8y + 4 =0
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We start with writing the terms containing x and y together. We get 9x^2 + 36x + 4y^2 – 8y + 4 =0
=> 9(x^2 + 4x) + 4(y^2 – 2y) + 4 =0
Now complete the squares
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The equation of the ellipse is :
9x^2 +4y^2+36x-8y+4 = 0
9x^2-36 +4y^2-8y = -4.
We add 6^2+2^2 to both sides.
(3x)^2-36x + 6^2 +( 2y)^2-8y +2^2 = -4+6^2+2^2.
(3x-6)^2 +(2y-2)^2 = 36 = 6^2.
(3x-6)^2/36 +(2y-2)^2/36 = 1.
(x-2)^2/4 + (y-1)/9 = 1
(x-2)^2/2^2 +(y-1)^2/3^2 = 1....(1)
Which could be compared with the standard ellipse x^2/b^2+y^2/a^2= 1
Clearly (1) is an ellipse whose semi major axis is 3 on y axis and with centre (-2, 1) and focus at (0,3sqrt(1-2^2/3^2) = (0,sqrt5) and (0 -sqrt5). The vertices at (0,3) and (0 -3).
The equtaion of the ellipse is :
x^2/a^2 + y^2/b^2 = 1
We'll re-write the equation:
x^2*b^2 + y^2*a^2 - a^2*b^2 = 0
9x^2 + 4y^2 + 36x -8y + 4 =0
We'll complete the squares:
9x^2 + 36x + 36 - 36 + 4y^2 - 8y + 4 - 4 + 4 = 0
(x+6)^2 + (2y-2)^2 - 36 = 0
(x+6)^2 + (2y-2)^2 = 36
We'll divide by 36:
(x+6)^2/6^2 + (y-1)^2/3^2 = 1
semi-major axis is:a = 6
semi-minor axis is:b=3
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