Find an equation of the tangent line to the curve y = 3x^2 - x^3 at the point (1,2). Graph the curve and the tangent line.
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Rylan Hills
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The equation of the line tangential to the curve represented by y = 3x^2 - x^3 at the point (1,2) has to be determined.
For a curve y = f(x), the slope of the tangent drawn at a point where x = a is given by f'(a). A line with slope m, passing through the point `(x_1, y_1)` is `(y - y_1)/(x - x_1) = m` .
The derivative of y = 3x^2 - x^3 is:
y' = 6x - 3x^2
At the point (1,2), as x = 1, the value of the slope is 6 - 3 = 3
The equation of the tangent line is `(y - 2)/(x - 1) = 3`
y - 2 = 3x - 3
3x - y - 1 = 0
The graph of the curve and the tangent line at (1,2) is:
The required equation of the tangent is 3x - y - 1 = 0
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