Find all pairs of odd integers a and b which satisfy the following equation: a + 128b = 3ab

mlehuzzah | Certified Educator

For starters, try distributing the following:

`(-3a+128)(3b-1)`

`=-9ab+3a+384b-128`

`=3(-3ab+a+128b)-128`

Now, if a and b satisfy the equation, then `-3ab+a+128b=0`

So we have:

`(-3a+128)(3b-1) = 3(0)-128=-128`

So, the numbers `-3a+128` and `3b-1` multiply to `-128`

Now, we are told that a is odd, so -3a is odd, and -3a+128 is odd.

But -128 has the divisors 1,2,4,8,16,32,64,128 (and their negatives)

All of these numbers are even, except 1.

So we must have that `-3a+128 = +- 1`

So, either:

`-3a+128=-1` AND `3b-1=128`

OR

`-3a+128=1` AND `3b-1=-128`

Solving the first pair of equations, we get `a=43` and `b=43`

Solving the second pair of equations, we get `a=42.33` and `b=-42.33`

But we are told that a and b are integers, so we must only have the solution

`a=43` and `b=43`

PS: How to derive `(-3a+128)(3b-1)`

We want to "factor" this somehow. Set up:

`(a+?)(b+?)+?=a+128b-3ab`

We want to multiply b by 128, so we have:

`(a+128)(b+?)+?=a+128b-3ab`

We want to multiply ab by -3, so we have:

`(-3a+128)(b+?)+?=a+128b-3ab`

We want to multipy a by 1, so we have:

`(-3a+128)(b-(1)/(3))+?=a+128b-3ab`

We figure out what to make the last constant by multiplying everything out:

`-3ab+a+128b-(128)/(3)+?=a+128b-3ab`

So we have:

`(-3a+128)(b-(1)/(3))+(128)/(3)=a+128b-3ab`

Now, if `a+128b-3ab=0`, then:

`(-3a+128)(b-(1)/(3))+(128)/(3)=0`

In other words,

`(-3a+128)(b-(1)/(3))=-(128)/(3)`

Multiply both sides by 3 to simplify the expression. You can choose to multiply either the (-3a+128) or the (b-1/3) by 3, but if you choose the second, you can get rid of all the fractions, and you get:

`(-3a+128)(3b-1)=-128`