1984, like many dystopian novels, consists of three parts, and in each of those sections, Orwell creates and describes several significant settings.
1. Winston's apartment--In Chapter One of Part One, Winston wearily climbs the steps to his dismal apartment. Orwell relies upon dark, decayed phrasing to demonstrate the uniformity and dank nature of existence in Oceania. Phrases from Chapter One such as "an oblong metal plaque like a dulled mirror," "shut window-pane," and a hallway that smells "of boiled cabbage and old rag mats" contribute to the reader's overall sense of Winston's depression.
2.Mr. Charrington's rented room--In Chapter Four of Part Two, Orwell contrasts the freedom of a rented room with the control of the city. When Winston chooses to rent Mr. Charrington's upstairs room for his escapades with Julia, it represents an escape much like the country. The room with its "saucepan and two cups," "glass paperweight," and "battered tin oilstove" allows Winston and Julia to feel as if they are free from Big Brother's ubiquity. Similarly, the contents of their room are nonessential but indicative of comfort and warmth.
3.The Ministry of Love--In Chapter One of Part Three, the interior of the Ministry of Love contrasts sharply with the rented room. After being captured by the Thought Police, Winston opens his eyes and surmises that he is in the Ministry of Love. He observes its
"high-ceilinged windowless cell with walls of glittering white porcelain . . . concealed lamps . . . with cold light and . . . a low, steady humming sound . . . ."
There, Winston begins to question himself and everything he thought he knew. He cannot decipher memory from fiction and eventually relinquishes all freedom--even his thoughts--to the Party.