A few questions about Catherine the Great's (of Russia) reign:1. how did her reign reflect the idea of divine right? 2. who would be considered her biggest enemy? (country, group of people..) 3....

A few questions about Catherine the Great's (of Russia) reign:

1. how did her reign reflect the idea of divine right?

2. who would be considered her biggest enemy? (country, group of people..)

3. What wars/treaties/marriages was she involved in to help furthur her power?

Thanks!

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enotechris | College Teacher | (Level 2) Senior Educator

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Catherine the Great (1729-1796, also known as Catherine II)  was actually a German princess who was betrothed to the future czar of Russia, Peter III.  Although originally Protestant, she converted the Russian Orthodox Church, learned the Russian language, and ingratiated herself to the reigning monarch Elizabeth I. After Catherine's husband died "in an accident," she became the ruler of Russia, and it expanded its influence south into the Ottoman Empire after winning the Russo-Turkish War, and west into Poland, eventually partitioning that country. She is credited for starting the "Russian Enlightenment,"  and overhauled the Russian legal system to include equal protection under the law for everyone, at a time when the class structure of the culture was still in place. By beleiving she had the right to rule Russia, it could be understood that she adhered to the Divine Right of Kings (or in this case, Queens) and was an Absolute Monarch, but in practice, by moderinzing Russia's legal and educational system and her other reforms, she could be considered more of an Enlightened Despot.

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