What is animalism according to Animal Farm?
1. What is Animalism
2. What do you think is the purpose of the text based on what you are reading? (Animal Farm)
3. Why has Orwell put the pigs as leaders?
4. Who was Trotsky?
5. Why did Orwell use a farm?
Since you are only supposed to ask one question here, I will answer the first one and try to incorporate as many answers as possible. Animalism is the version of communism/socialist espoused by Old Major. Old Major describes a community where animals are in charge and not subordinate to humans. Another feature of animalism is that all animals are equal. There are seven commandments:
THE SEVEN COMMANDMENTS
1. Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy.
2. Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend.
3. No animal shall wear clothes.
4. No animal shall sleep in a bed.
5. No animal shall drink alcohol.
6. No animal shall kill any other animal.
7. All animals are equal.
These are the basic tenets of animalism. They are intended to keep the animals from being corrupted by man, and to develop a society where all animals are equal.
Over time, animalism is corrupted. The pigs take control of the farm and lord over the other animals, and they slowly chip away at the tenets of animalism by changing the commandments until they are all gone and there is only one.
ALL ANIMALS ARE EQUAL
BUT SOME ANIMALS ARE MORE EQUAL THAN OTHERS
In other words, the pigs are in charge and all of the other animals are equally subordinate to them.
1. Animalism is a political theory, like Communism or Reaganism. It tells animals how to live together well.
2. The book is a big 'metaphor'. The revolution on Animal Farm is a copy of the revolution in Russia. Its purpose is to show what happened in Russia and what happens in revolutions.
3. The pigs are leaders because they are the smartest animals on the farm. They are thinkers.
4. Trotsky was a Russian politician. He was a communist and he was assassinated by Joseph Stalin in Mexico. In the book he is the pig Snowball. His name sound a bit like trotters which are pig's feet.
5. A farm is something simple. It is easy to understand. A big revolution with millions of people and Kings and armies is difficult to understand. The farm makes the story simple and good to read. Also, a farm is a potent universal symbol of mankind's eternal struggle to create and maintain rationalised artificial structures from raw primeval chaos. From the point of view of the animals, a normal farm is a form of slavery and oppression.