Friar Laurence warns Romeo in Shakespeare's play, "These violent delights have violent ends." In concurrence with Hawthorne, Hester's contemplations of the position of women projects that it will take much time before she gains her independence. It is reasonable that it should be so because radical ideas are not quickly accepted in societies, and they often cause more harm than good when they are quickly and forcibly enacted, just as the Puritan community immediately builds the prison on their settlement.
I think there is only some amount of sympathy with Hester. She is a complex character, and it is a complex book. Yes, she was a victim of her time. However, she also made her own choices.