In Farewell to Manzanar, why did Endo file a legal protest when so many others did not?

Expert Answers

Want to remove ads?

Get ad-free questions with an eNotes 48-hour free trial.

Try It Free No Thanks
thetall eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Endo Mitsue's case was based on the legality of loyal citizen detentions against their will by the government. Many other Japanese Americans were fearful because orders for exclusion areas came from President Franklin D Roosevelt on behalf of the American government. The executive order was also supported by the larger population of White American farmers in West Coast. In addition, the Japanese Americans were skeptical about getting justice through the judicial system. This is because the attack on Pearl Harbor labeled all people of Japanese origin enemies of the state as confirmed by the internment camps and evacuations.

The Japanese-American community chose to prove their loyalty instead of seeking legal redress. The youth were drafted by the military and most agreed to offer their services. Although Endo filed a legal protest, several other people of Japanese origin did the same but faced challenges in getting justice. Endo's case is popular because it was successful compared to most others that were stifled by the enforcement departments as exemplified by the cases of Fred Korematsu and Gordon Hirabayashi. Officials from different departments hid records of most of the cases up until the cases reached the Supreme court.