A Farewell to Arms by Ernest Hemingway was published in 1929 and is set during World War I. Although some critics have argued that the work is autobiographical, resembling Hemingway's slightly earlier novel The Sun Also Rises, other critics caution against such a reading.
Lieutenant Frederic Henry, the protagonist
protagonist of the novel, is a young American man who has volunteered to serve as a paramedic in the Italian army. He falls in love with the nurse Catherine Barkley.
Catherine Barkley is a British nurse with whom Frederic falls in love. She dies giving birth to his stillborn son at the end of the novel.
Lieutenant Rinaldi is an Italian surgeon and friend to Frederic who is cynical but entertaining.
Ettore Moretti and Piani are soldiers serving with the Italian army.
Helen Ferguson is a fellow nurse and friend to Catherine and disapproves of Catherine's relationship with Frederic.
Count Greffi is a wise and elderly Italian aristocrat with whom Frederic plays billiards.