In Fahrenheit 451, what is the Phoenix's story, its symbolism, and what does it foreshadow?
The Phoenix is a symbol of rebirth, such as rising out of the ashes of a cast off life, to live again, renewed, reborn. It is a symbol for the future of the resistance or the book people that Montag joins at the end of the story. It foreshadows a rebirth of the society, providing a sense of hope that the current society, with its fascination for burning books and eliminating diversity of opinion, will be cleansed through the use of fire.
"By ending the book in a fire storm of bombs, there is the sense that this old society of conformity will die and a new one will be born out of the ashes, like the mythical phoenix to which Granger refers. "A time to break down, and a time to build up. Yes. A time to keep silence, and a time to speak," Montag thinks as the book people move up the river at the end of the story."
And, as the Phoenix rises out of the ashes, symbolically representing a new life, cleansed of the past, to live once more, so too is the hope of the rebels who have secretly memorized books to keep them alive.
The Phoenix is a symbol of change and transformation and this is particularly true for Guy Montag, who experiences his own transformation in the book. So through Guy Montag, and the rebels, the Phoenix represents the cycles in nature, meaning that out of the current society, the events of the moment, a new cycle of life will emerge, that is history, all societies go through cycles.
Throughout the novel, the image of a phoenix is portrayed and has several symbolic interpretations. The phoenix is a long-living mythological bird that cyclically reinvents itself every few hundred years. According to the myth, the phoenix burns itself before dramatically arising out of the ashes to live another life. Throughout the novel, the symbol of the phoenix is one of the logos on the firemen's outfits and symbolically represents their livelihood burning books and homes. Similar to a phoenix, the firemen in Bradbury's dystopian society destroy books and homes using fire.
At the end of the novel, Granger compares humanity to a phoenix because of the way civilians continually destroy themselves before rebuilding a new society. After the atomic bomb destroys the city, Montag and the group of traveling intellectuals walk towards the debris in hopes of rebuilding a literate society. Similar to how a phoenix rises from the ashes, Montag and the intellectuals hope to rebuild a better society. Granger's phoenix foreshadows how the intellectuals will reconstruct and restore civilization.