Is it fair to assert that those who use religious guidance or authority as a basis for moral decision listen/conform to a "still, small voice"?

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This is a pretty weak metaphor for how a person “knows” or “believes” his/her moral decision is based on some universal “guide” who “speaks” to us if we listen closely.  There is a psychological impulse that directs our action based on what we have learned about human behavior from our past experiences, including the “teachings” of our superiors (elders, church leaders, parents, teachers, etc.), and if we want to refer to this impulse as a “voice”, that’s fine, but it is a delusion to think that some higher being actually speaks to us in some language.  The study of how we “know” things is called epistemology; one way is by subconscious structures of “rightness,” unarticulated and unarranged by “logic” but formed by our lives to date.

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