A family's socioeconomic status determines what resources they will have access to and therefore how they will be able to shape their family. A family who struggles to simply earn enough money to feed everyone will not have the ability to show their children the wonders of national parks on...
A family's socioeconomic status determines what resources they will have access to and therefore how they will be able to shape their family. A family who struggles to simply earn enough money to feed everyone will not have the ability to show their children the wonders of national parks on the other side of the country. They may be so exhausted from working (and sometimes working more than one job) that there is no energy left in the evenings for reading time with young children. Parents may hold jobs which make it impossible for them to take off work and meet with teachers, and teachers may interpret this as a lack of interest. Studies have found that the way parents in lower socioeconomic groups speak to their children is different, and those differences contribute to lower academic success for their children over time. Because of financial stress, there is more likely to be a feeling of hostility in the home, and children may interpret that personally.
By contrast, parents with a higher socioeconomic status are more likely to be well-educated. They are more likely to have researched or developed beneficial methods of speaking to and guiding their children. They are able to afford tutors when problems arise at school and to intervene directly with teachers and other school personnel when problems arise. These families may work hard, but they are also more likely to have jobs with insurance to help with medical problems and paid vacation time to enjoy time off together. They can often afford private schools and are more likely to homeschool their children; there is a growing trend among upper-middle class and upper-class families to "road school" their children, with the entire family setting off on nationwide or global adventures, completely leaving their homes for a year or more.
In short, families with a higher socioeconomic status are able to afford greater opportunities, and this ability transcends racial classifications. While one's culture and heritage certainly shape parenting practices, purchasing power greatly influences a family's experience. Those families struggling to simply survive from one day and week to the next do not have the luxury of time and money to provide the cultural experiences they desire for their children.