Explain why salt is a compound
When two or more chemical elements combine to form a substance it is known as a compound. The term salt is a very generic term for innumerable chemical compounds.
The reason behind the formation of compounds s explained with the example of sodium chloride, or common salt. Sodium is an element with 11 electrons. The electronic configuration of sodium is 1s2, 2s2 2p6 3s1. There is one electron in this configuration more than what would allow sodium to exist as an mono-atomic particle. To achieve a stable configuration, sodium has to lose one electron. Chlorine has an atomic number of 17 an its electron configuration is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5. To achieve a stable electron configuration chlorine has to gain one electron. By combining together as sodium chloride, sodium loses an electron to chlorine and both the atoms acquire a stable electron configuration.
This is the reason why salt exists as a compound.
First to find out if salt is a compound , we should first define what a compound is . A compound in chem is formed when two or more chemical compounds are chemically bounded together . From this definition, we can tell that salt is a compound because its formula is NaCl . By looking at the periodic table , we can see that Na is sodium and Cl is chlorine which shows that salt has two different compounds chemically bounded together.
Salt is a compound because the the chemical name of salt is Sodium Chloride aka NaCl. Looking at the formula we are able to tell that salt is made up of a Sodium ion and a Cl ion. NaCl is a compound of those two elements.
Salt is a compound because it is not possible to separate the elements that make up the substance by physical methods. Sodium and chlorine atoms are chemically linked together to form salt. Even if one were to grind the salt particles to nano sized particles it will not separate the sodium and chlorine atoms. This can only be done using a chemical reaction. For example, one can obtain sodium and chlorine from NaCl by electrolysis, which involves passing DC current through molten salt.
Salt is a compound because it is made of only NaCl, not because it has only Sodium and Chlorine, in which case it will be mixture of the two elements.
A compound is when 2 or more elements are chemically bonded. Salt is an ionic compound represented by the formula NaCl, otherwise known as Sodium Chloride. Salt is made from equal parts of the two elements Sodium and Chlorine.