Richard Nixon's Presidency

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Explain why 1968 was a watershed year for the United States.

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1968 was a year of great social upheaval and turmoil in the United States. The Vietnam War was becoming deeply unpopular, generating widespread protests in the streets, especially among the young.

One such protest took place in Chicago during the Democratic National Convention. The mayor of Chicago, Richard Daley, was hostile to the anti-war protestors and used the police force to crack down hard on demonstrations. For four days and nights police engaged in an often brutally violent running battle with anti-war protestors, who wanted the Democratic Party to commit to ending the war in Vietnam.

The bitter divisions fought out on the streets reflected similar divisions inside the convention hall, where the Democratic Party was split from top to bottom on the burning issue of the day. The older...

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