Is the mind or consciousness distinct from the brain, an extension of it, or a myth?
There are many different theories about whether the mind is or is not something distinct from the brain. Most religious traditions in both east and west posit the "soul" as distinct from body; sometimes soul is identified with mind, but often it is seen as somewhat distinct. In the philosophical tradition, the position of "dualism" argues for the mind as distinct from the purely physical brain, even if it depends on physical functioning of the brain. The philosophy of "materialism" reduces mind to brain, arguing that all "mental" activities can be explained by electrical or chemical activities of the physical brain.