Explain what two rights, found in the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, do you consider to be the most important.
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I think that the fundamental freedoms outlined in the section 2 are probably the most important for Canadians on literal and symbolic grounds. The freedom of conscience is where so many have seen Canada as a haven or an arena to which they can flee when their own country is perceived to be encroaching on their rights. It helps bring about the notion that Canadians are able to act on their own sense of conscience and conscientious objection when their beliefs are challenged by the prevailing political or social order's. The freedom to religious expression is also extremely important to the idea of how individuals approach the issue of spirituality. The Canadians understood very clearly, from examples inspired by other documents, that the need to preserve individual freedom to religious expression creates a more fulfilled individual and a more unified social tapestry. To not speak to this as one of the first fundamental freedoms outlined would have created more social discord and a greater chance at a lack of credibility within the Charter.
It is very difficult to select just two of these rights as the most important. However, if I were forced to choose, I would choose the right to vote and the right to freedom of the press as the two most important. The reason for this is that these two rights can be said to underlie all of democracy.
Democracy requires that people be able to select their rulers. In order to do that at all, they must be able to vote. In order to do a good job of selecting their rulers, they must be able to get information about their government and their society. The right to a free press is therefore vital to a democracy.
Of course, there are other aspects to democracy, but I would argue that the right to vote and the right to have a free press that can inform us about our government and our society in general are the most fundamental rights in a democracy.
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