The main issue that led to the Great Compromise was the issue of representation. The small states in the country thought that every state should have equal representation in the Congress. They thought the states ought to be equal to one another. The big states (this is in terms of population, not land area), thought that states should be represented based on the number of people living in the state. They thought that states with more people should have more votes in Congress. The Great Compromise solved this. It said that big states would have more representatives in the House of Representatives but that all states would have equal representation in the Senate.
The main idea that led to the Great Compromise had to deal with the question of representation in Congress. The large states had proposed a plan at the constitutional convention that would have created a two-house legislature where the number of representatives in the legislature would be based on the size of the state. Large states would have more representatives than small states. Small states were very concerned their voice would never be heard since they would have fewer representatives.
The small states produced a plan that called for a one-house legislature. In this plan, each state would have the same number of representatives. Large states objected to this idea since they had more people in their states, and therefore, they wanted to have more representatives.
The Great Compromise called for a two-house legislature. In one house, the Senate, there would be equal representation with each state having two representatives. In the other house, the House of Representatives, the number of representatives would be based on the population of the state. Large states would have more representatives than small states. This compromise was accepted and became part of our current plan of government.
how did the great compromise lead to the creation of the us constitution