Explain what the acronym SARA stands for in regard to policing.

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"SARA" is a problem-solving model commonly used in community-oriented policing. The acronym stands for Scanning, Analysis, Response, and Assessment. The goal of the SARA model is to focus on changing a community's perceptions when it comes to its relationship with crime and law enforcement, rather than focusing on the criminal justice aspect.

Scanning involves searching for recurring issues in a community. It requires analyzing data in terms of who frequent victims are, the severity and type of crimes, and when and where crimes are taking place. It also involves analyzing the community's perception of the problem and individuals' relationship to the crime and the police.

Next, law enforcement conducts an analysis of the problem. Crime reports are analyzed and community members consulted to determine the root cause of the crimes being committed in a community. These causes are often nuanced and complex. Therefore, this step in the process requires extensive and thorough research to complete.

Once...

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