Explain ‘Walker’s Model’ for worker’s participation in management.
Walker’s Model encourages worker’s participation in managerial decisions in the organization but at the same time, it focuses on the below conditions that the workers can participate in managerial decisions if : -
(1) Autonomy (freedom of action) exist in the enterprise.
(2) The technology is simple & it is possible for workers to contribute to managerial decisions.
(3) It is also the size of an enterprise that have an influence on the potential for WPM.
(4) Enterprise have a volatile environment & tend to adopt more flexible authority structures giving scope for worker’s participation.
Organization provides varying potential for worker’s participation including its scope, degree, extent & level. Worker’s participation in Management also depends on the below human aspects : -(1) Worker’s attitude to participation i.e. whether he has a desire to participate or not.
(2) The worker perceives power to participate i.e. if he sees & believes that he has the power, then he makes effort to participate
(3) Thirdly worker’s capacity to participate i.e. his ability to understand the managerial functions and the issues involved in participation & the ability to express himself clearly.
Also it is related to manager’s attitude, which is dependent upon the kind of approach he adopts for running an enterprise. These can be either : -
(3) Constitutional OR
All the above aspects interact to determine the participation potential, the form & the type of participation.