Explain three reasons why it was difficult to acheive a peace settlement in the recent war in Bosnia-Herzegovina?maintaining Peace and Security of Nations, 1963-Present
The emergence of multipolar tensions in the region after the Soviet Union had collapsed were a bit too intense to fully grasp through diplomatic channels. The heterogeneous and diverse groups in the region had possessed a healthy distrust and dislike for one another over a period of years. Thousands of years. The roots of pure hatred run deep and were embedded into the social order. Once the rock of the Soviet Union had been dislodged, these hatreds emerged to the surface, it was difficult to contain through diplomatic measures and peace treaties. Neither group saw the other as part of a "nation" and did not fully grasp, after the departure of the Soviet Union, that they could exist in a pluralist setting. This might be one particular reason why peace settlements were challenging in the region.
The recent civil war in Yugoslavia and the breakup of the country was a slow, difficult process for a number of reasons, but I would place these three at the top of the list:
1) Bosnia was/is a mutli-ethnic, multi-religious society, with Catholic Croats, Eastern Orthodox Serbs and Muslim Bosnians. All sides were fighting against one another and had competing interests and motivations
2) Ethnic tensions have been going on for centuries, and when they flared in nationalism in the late 1980s these age-old rivalres and revenge patterns were difficult to calm down
3) It took Europe years to agree to actually commit military forces to end the fighting. The war continued because other countries stood by and did nothing.