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Explain three poetic devices in the poem "The Slave's Dream" in good paragraphs. "The Slave's Dream" by henry Wadsworth Longfellow

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Poetic devices are simply language features that a poet uses to help convey their meaning. For example, rhyme, assonance, alliteration, metaphor, and simile are all types of poetic devices. Particularly important for an essay on this poem would be an explanation of how the devices convey the meaning, and what that meaning is—so, rather than simply identifying poetic devices, it's important to elaborate on what they show and why the poet has chosen to use them.

This poem has a very regular rhyme scheme and meter: it follows what is sometimes known as a ballad structure. We could relate this choice of form to the subject of the poem. It seems dreamlike, which supports the idea of the former "king" dreaming of his "native land." The ballad format also recalls spirituals, famously sung by slaves.

Longfellow's choice of metaphor is interesting, too: he has the forests "[shout] of liberty." This is a metaphor, certainly; the forest is not really shouting of freedom. But what does the fact that the very landscape of Africa is proclaiming liberty suggest? It is as if this is a birthright of the black man, born of the earth and nature: it is not natural for him to be enslaved.

Likewise, another powerful force in the poem is Death, who is personified. What Death does is interesting: he does not darken, as we might expect, but "illumined" the black man's existence. This is powerful because it suggests that enslavement is so terrible that Death is an escape, an illuminated path, rather than a step into darkness.

I'm sure you can find some other poetic devices yourself, and then think about why they have been used.

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We cannot write your essay for you but we can help you locate the poetic devices.

This is a great anti-slavery poem by Longfellow. In it, he describes an African king who is lying in a field of rice, bound for life as a slave.

There are many metaphors in the poem. Here is an example of a metaphor (sleep is compared to mist and shadow):

Again, in the mist and shadow of sleep,
   He saw his Native Land.

Another metaphor:

Wide through the landscape of his dreams
   The lordly Niger flowed;

His dreams are compared to a landscape.

Here is a simile:

Before him, like a blood-red flag,
   The bright flamingoes flew;

He compares the flamingoes to a flag.

There are two examples of personificatiobn in the following:

The forests, with their myriad tongues,
   Shouted of liberty;
And the Blast of the Desert cried aloud,
   With a voice so wild and free,

The forest having a tongue, and the desert crying aloud.

Write about how the poetic devices make a strong anti-slavery statement.

There is information here on enotes about Longfellow.

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