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Explain the Rational Choice Theory and how crime manifests. Provide an example of a crime that can be explained by the theory, or explain how the justice system responds to crime and deviance through laws and punishment. Be sure you are clear in the connections you make with the theory and in your arguments.

Rational Choice Theory argues that people will choose to commit a crime if the crime is perceived to bring more reward than loss. To combat crime, criminal justice systems need to incentivize good behavior and use deterrents, like tougher sentencing, to rebalance the relationship between reward and loss for any given crime.

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As the name suggests, Rational Choice Theory argues that an individual will make a rational and informed choice before acting in a particular way. Specifically, this involves weighing up the pros and cons. This theory was fully integrated into criminology by Derek Cornish and Ronald Clarke in the 1980s.

In essence, Cornish and Clarke argue that criminal behavior is the result of deliberate choices. Crime is, therefore, the result of a person exerting his free...

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