Explain the negative environmental impacts of tourism and the positive socio-cultural impacts of tourism, with examples.

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There are both positive and negative effects of tourism. One positive effect is that jobs are created. Tourists bring money to the economy. Roads, airports, golf courses, shops, hotels and restaurants, etc. need to be built. All of these things will give many people jobs.

A negative effect of tourism is the depletion of natural resources such as water. Pollution such as litter, sewage, and air pollution are all concerns. Ecosystems may also be altered to the depletion of habitats for building. In addition, beaches are often transformed into tourist destinations (including marinas) which harms or eliminates these habitats as well.

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Living nearly my entire life in Florida--within 100 miles of Orlando and Daytona Beach--it's easy to witness the pros and cons of tourism. Negatives include traffic problems; tacky tourist traps; an abundance of tourist-aimed billboards; crime, initiated both by tourists and against them; and inflated prices aimed at tourists but also absorbed by residents. Positives include the large number of jobs created by the tourist trade; tourist and hotel taxes that improve conditions by all who utilize them; the creation of major events and theme parks (NASCAR, Disney, etc.); and a general boost for the local economy. 

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