Explain the integration of different cellular components. Address how these components are targeted or distributed to different regions and compartments of a cell in prokaryote and eukaryote organisms.  

Prokaryotes are less complex than eukaryotes and contain a cell membrane, cell wall, cytoplasm, ribosomes, nucleoid, and flagellum. Eukaryotes typically are composed of the nucleolus, nucleus, rough endoplasmic reticulum, smooth endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, cytoskeleton, mitochondrion, vacuole, cytosol, lysosomes, centrosomes, lysosomes, vesicles, endosomes, ribosomes, vesicles and a plasma membrane. There are distinct differences among the eukaryotic cells found in animals, plants, and fungi.

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A prokaryotic cell is a less complex cell than a eukaryotic cell. Prokaryotes do not contain an envelope enclosed nucleus or mitochondria like eukaryotes do. A prokaryotic cell is composed of an outer covering called a cell wall that provides protection and shape to the cell. A cell membrane surrounds the cell's cytoplasm and regulates the flow of substances into and out of the cell. The cytoplasm within the cell is a substance with a gel consistency that is made up of water, enzymes, salt, and other cellular structures. Nucleoid is within the cytoplasm and contains the cell's DNA molecule. Ribosomes within the cytoplasm are responsible for protein production. Some prokaryotic cells have flagellum on the cell wall that allow movement and locomotion.

A eukaryotic cell is a more complex, much larger cell than a prokaryotic cell. There are also differences in eukaryotic cells within animals, plants, and fungi. Eukaryotic cells typically include the nucleolus, nucleus, nuclear membrane, endoplasmic reticulum (rough and smooth), Golgi apparatus, cytoskeleton, mitochondrion, vacuole, cytosol, lysosomes, centrosomes, lysosomes, vesicles, endosomes, ribosomes, vesicles and a plasma membrane. The nuclear membrane is made up of two layers that surround and protect the cell's nucleus and nucleolus. The nucleus encases the cell's genetic material. The endoplasmic reticulum is an intertwined network of flattened, membrane-enclosed sacs called cisternae. The Golgi apparatus packages proteins inside of the cell. The cell's cytoplasm contains, lysosomes, centrosomes, vesicles, endosomes, ribosomes, and cytosol. Mitochondrion within the cell are responsible for energy production and conservation and aid in the movement and locomotion of the cell.

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